Feynman Integral Approach to Absorption in Quantum Mechanics
Abstract
We propose a formulation of an absorbing boundary for a quantum particle. The formulation is based on a Feynmantype integral over trajectories that are confined by the absorbing boundary. Trajectories that reach the absorbing wall are instantaneously terminated and their probability is discounted from the population of the surviving trajectories. This gives rise to a unidirectional absorption current at the boundary. We calculate the survival probability as a function of time. Several modes of absorption are derived from our formalism: total absorption, absorption that depends on energy levels, and absorption of noninteracting particles. Several applications are given: the slit experiment with an absorbing screen and with absorbing lateral walls, and one dimensional particle between two absorbing walls. The survival probability of a particle between absorbing walls exhibits decay with beats.
 Publication:

arXiv eprints
 Pub Date:
 June 1999
 arXiv:
 arXiv:quantph/9906003
 Bibcode:
 1999quant.ph..6003M
 Keywords:

 Quantum Physics
 EPrint:
 26 pages, latex2e